: any of a major taxon (class Osteichthyes or superclass Teleostomi) comprising fishes (such as sturgeons, eels, mackerels, and sunfish) with a bony rather than a cartilaginous skeleton. — called also teleost. — compare cartilaginous fish, jawless fish.
What makes a bony fish a bony fish?
Bony fishes share several distinguishing features: a skeleton of bone, scales, paired fins, one pair of gill openings, jaws, and paired nostrils. Osteichthyes includes the largest number of living species of all scientific classes of vertebrates, more than 28,000 species.
How are bony fish different from other fish?
Bony fish differ from fish like sharks and rays in the chondrichthyes class. Instead of cartilage, bony fish have bones. Bony fish also have a swim bladder. The swim bladder is a gas-filled sac that helps keep bony fish buoyant!
Which fish is a bony fish?
Sunfish, bass, catfish, trout, and pike are examples of bony fish, as are the freshwater tropical fish that you see in aquariums. Other species of bony fish include: Tuna. Atlantic cod.
What are the adaptive features of bony fish?
Bony fish also have special adaptations that allow them to remain buoyant. A special organ called a swim bladder housed under the bony skeleton is a gas filled chamber that allows the bony fish to remain floating in the water.
How is a bony fish differ from a cartilaginous fish?
Technically, the most obvious disparity between bony vs cartilaginous fish comes from the fact that the skeleton of bony fish is made of bones alone, while that of cartilaginous fish is made of cartilage. There are more than 20,000 fish species in the world. Of the class Chordata, Pisces is a super class.
What makes cartilaginous fishes different from bony fishes?
Cartilaginous fishes have skeletons composed mostly of cartilage while bony fish have a skeleton composed mostly of bone. Furthermore, these two types of fish fall under different taxonomic groups – Cartilaginous fish are grouped under the class Chondrichthyes and all bony fish fall under the superclass Osteichthyes.
Is tilapia a bony fish?
Similar to almost every other fish in the water, tilapia naturally has bones. Almost all fish are vertebrates, meaning that they have spines and bones. … There are only a few fish that don’t have bones, such as the blobfish and jellyfish. Tilapia are actually a part of a group of fish called Osteichthyes.
What are bony fishes give two examples?
Examples are sharks, rays, dog-fish, skates, sturgion. Osteichthyes: These are fishes with bony skeleton. Examples are Tuna, Sardines, Codfish, Salmon, Trouts, Herring etc.
Is salmon a bony fish?
This group of animals is called bony fishes because their skeleton is bony, unlike the cartilaginous fishes. … Some of the many examples of diverse bony fish including parrotfish, flounder, frogfish, pufferfish, and salmon.
Is Cod a bony fish?
The bony ones like Cod and Salmon have hard bones. All the others have skeletons made of cartilage. Even their teeth are hard cartilage. Common examples of cartilaginous fish are sharks, dogfish, rays and skates.
Is a shark a bony fish?
Unlike fishes with bony skeletons, a shark’s skeleton is made out of cartilage. … Sharks, rays, skates, and chimaeras (also know as rat fishes) all have cartilaginous skeletons. Cartilage is less dense than bone, allowing sharks to move quickly through the water without using too much energy.
Is a puffer fish a bony fish?
Bony fish dominate the oceans. For instance, puffer fish, which have a rounded shape, inflate themselves to a globe several times their normal size by swallowing water when threatened. …
What is the family of bony fish?
bony fish, (superclass Osteichthyes), any member of the superclass Osteichthyes, a group made up of the classes Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fishes) and Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) in the subphylum Vertebrata, including the great majority of living fishes and virtually all the world’s sport and commercial fishes.
What type of skeleton does a fish have?
There are two different skeletal types: the exoskeleton, which is the stable outer shell of an organism, and the endoskeleton, which forms the support structure inside the body. The skeleton of the fish is made of either cartilage (cartilaginous fishes) or bone (bony fishes).
How do scales protect bony fish?
A fish scale is a small rigid plate that grows out of the skin of a fish. The skin of most jawed fishes is covered with these protective scales, which can also provide effective camouflage through the use of reflection and colouration, as well as possible hydrodynamic advantages.